??澹板?ㄧ嚎棣?椤?/a>?|?婀???

?????版?????璋????????ㄢ?????㈠?婀??????ㄩ?????ㄤ?璋?

2019-03-11 08:36:26?[?ユ?:??澹板?ㄧ嚎]?[浣???:?ㄤ腹]?[缂?杈?:?板?甯?]瀛?浣?:??澶?/a>?涓?/a>?灏???
????宀???锛????夸????ㄧ????澶????? ?????ㄩ???????????朵腑寮?甯稿??褰╁ず????涓?棰????? ????褰??????歌??????缇??瑰?锛?????绁?绉???浜洪?㈡?归???椋??跺???风???挎?圭??︹?﹁?浠d互?锛?涓?婀?澶у?伴??缁??哄??浜??扮?句欢???ㄩ?????锛??朵腑涓?涔?浠ヤ?杩?浜?璧?但????????????? ??

璋?????????/strong>

?????㈠?婀??????ㄩ?????ㄤ?璋?

甯?姘?????杩??ラ?挎????╅???璐瑰??瑙? ?? 婀????ユ?ヨ??? ???浜 ??

??灏??????c????瑙ヤ??ㄩ???????? ??

??瑗挎?堕?搴??戒??风???涓????扮??涓?浠???????涔???瑙 ??

瀹?涔°??瀹???浜ょ??澶??哄??????椋?浜哄?锛??变袱浠锛???娴?澶辨捣澶?锛?涓?浠跺?ㄦ??锛?涓?浠跺?ㄦ?ユ? ??

瀹?涔″?哄??????缇??瑰? ??

瀹?涔″?哄????浜洪?㈡?归? ??(?????剧???ょ讲??澶???涓鸿????剧??)

婀????ユ?ヂ峰??澹板?ㄧ嚎璁拌?? ?ㄤ腹

????宀???锛????夸????ㄧ????澶????? ?????ㄩ???????????朵腑寮?甯稿??褰╁ず????涓?棰????? ??

??褰??????歌??????缇??瑰?锛?????绁?绉???浜洪?㈡?归???椋??跺???风???挎?圭??︹?﹁?浠d互?锛?涓?婀?澶у?伴??缁??哄??浜??扮?句欢???ㄩ?????锛??朵腑涓?涔?浠ヤ?杩?浜?璧?但????????????? ??

褰??惰?瑙?涓鸿????涔??扮??婀???涓轰????板?姝ゅ??杈剧???????????璋????浜??????ㄧ??涓讳汉???????搁??浜?杩?浜???????

3??9?锛?婀????????╄???ょ??绌舵??棣?????浼?锛??ㄩ?挎????╅?甯﹂?澶у?绌胯??跺??锛?浠ョ?╄拷?锛?璁茶堪????榄???锛??磋В???茶?? ??

??绾㈣????娲?????娓告吵???″???浜???????/strong>

??椤炬??????ㄩ?????ㄥ???扮??杩?绋?锛???欢??????瓒g??浜??? ??

1919骞锛?妗?婧??挎?瀹舵渤????涓?涓???姘??ㄨ????垮??骞虫?村???版?锛??剁?舵???烘?????圭?涔?????绉板?风???挎?圭? ??杩?涔????浜?婀??????ㄩ?????ㄥ?剁?舵?у???扮??甯峰? ??

1938骞?????涓?澶锛?瀹?涔¢?????榫?娉?????濮???????濮???ˉ??濮???妗ュ??寮?涓?浜哄??寰?甯镐??锛??扮?瀹朵?杩???杞??充???灞辫?板?﹁???界?绾㈣? ??????????锛?蹇界?锛?濮???????澶翠??????褰?????涓?澹锛???????寮?锛?涓?浠剁?澶х????澧ㄧ豢?层??甯︽??4???疯?缇?澶寸????灞??ㄧ?╁?虹?板?ㄧ?煎?? ??杩?灏辨??互??琚???杩????叉??绉?涔︾???藉???缇??瑰? ??

1959骞寸?锛?瀹?涔¢???????婧????板?婀惧北???????颁?锛?涓?浣???濮???姘??ㄥ??涓?淇?缓榛???姘村??锛????颁?浠堕??灞??ㄧ?锛?灏辨?卞??浜?瀹 ???堕?㈠ぇ?奸?㈤???舵??锛?浠?渚垮??朵?涓哄???????缁?浜?搴????惰喘绔? ??骞歌????锛??ㄧ?╃??涓???娈???琚?????????╅?娲鹃┗?板???浠?搴??i?????╃??甯??????锛?浜????韪?拷?锛??惧?颁??朵?10澶???娈???锛??兼?ヨ????浜洪?㈡?归? ??

杩??风??渚?瀛?杩???璁稿?锛????㈢??婊′???浣?浠剁???ㄧ???介?㈢汗??姊??锛????涔¢?????涓???姘??ㄥ?婧?渤杈规????跺???扮?? ???风О???跨???????介?㈢汗宸ㄥ???挎??涓?????ㄩ???????渤????杩???娌╂按娌虫父娉虫?跺???扮???︹?

缁?????椤锛???浠????颁?????瓒e?冲?ㄤ?锛?杩?浜??????ㄥ?哄??澶у???婊′??剁?舵?锛?骞朵?????杩?绉?瀛︾?????ゅ?????峰??? ??

涓㈠け浜????虹??璇???????濠村???浠?/strong>

?ㄨ???ゅ???绌朵?锛????╃???哄???????冲?抽??瑕? ??

??瀵硅???ゅ???绌惰??瑷?锛????╃???哄?????????濠村?跨???虹??璇???锛?缂哄け浜??哄???????????锛?灏卞???琚???????濠村? ??姝e???浠???娉??ラ??涓?涓??????濠村?跨???虹??骞存????绫?璐????舵??跺?电?淇℃????锛???浠??寰??剧?ラ??杩?浠舵???╃???村??稿?充俊? ??????浼???浜?涓?涓?舰璞$??姣?? ??

?变?杩?浜??????ㄥぇ澶?涓????杩????ゅ?????哄??锛?????澶ч??????俊????娴?澶锛???涔??ㄥ???ㄧ?╂??韩??琛ㄧ?板?轰???浜?涓????板?哄父瑙????ㄧ???瑰?锛?浠???涓洪???ㄧ????唬??绌堕????浜?寰?澶х???伴? ??

??浼?璇达?????唬?????ゅ???绌剁???虹?锛?姝f???变???唬???伴?炬?ц????????璇稿?姝ц?锛?浣垮?瀛︽????瀵逛?婀??????ㄩ?????ㄧ???ユ????锛??挎??浠ユ?ユ???藉舰??缁?涓???璁よ?锛?????琚?О涓衡??婀??????ㄩ?????ㄤ?璋??? ????

杩??诲?充?婀??????ㄩ?????ㄧ???ユ????锛?涓昏?瀛??ㄤ袱绉?璁よ?锛?涓?绉?璁や负杩?浜????ㄥぇ澶????よ???浜烘ā浠夸腑?????ㄥ?ㄥ??扮??浜х??锛?绗??绉?璁や负澶у??伴???ㄦ???ㄧ?????????剧??????姘?甯︽?ョ?? ??

?挎?圭?????瀹??涓???姊???浜?缃???

?????ㄦ???╄川??锛?涔????????? ??

?????ㄦ?????????颁???璞″?锛??????ㄦ?舵??????璐佃幢??杈ㄧ?????????蹇??锛?姝ゅ?虫??璋?????绀间???? ??灏ゅ?跺??榧?涔?绫荤?????ㄦ?存??ぞ绋风??璞″?锛???浠ュ?や功????妗?????寰锛?榧?杩?浜?????????绾f?磋??锛?榧?杩?浜??????璇存? ??

????灏辨?冲??涓??锛???涔?杩?涔??????ㄣ???藉?瀹?????涓锛?婕???榛?娓ゆ???娴??芥捣澶????挎?圭??ㄨ韩锛?婕?极????瀹??涔?璺锛?浠や汉????娉?? ?????????锛????蹭?涔?????浜?涓?浠跺奖??寰?澶х??浜?缃?浜?浠 ??

缃???ぇ???????ㄥ??绀煎? ????璇?缁?路?ㄥ??路?疯?炽????浜?:????濮???褰奸??缃?锛?缁翠互涓?姘告?? ????瑗挎??舵??锛?缃?宸叉??涓虹????吹??浠???镐?澶虹?????? ??姹???甯?涔?瀛?姊?瀛?????姝︽??涓?浠剁?锛?琚??惰?涓鸿?冲? ????姝︿复姝诲????涓?????????淇?缃?妯锛???寰?浠ヤ?浜 ???????ュ??姝︾??瀛?瀛???瑗?缁т?锛??虫?骞崇?? ??浠???????濮?浠锛?楠?妯????锛?寰??ユ?浜?锛?渚垮????瑗?绱㈣? ????瑗?瀹?婧虹????锛?缃??璁??涓?椤锛?涔?涓?椤剧?姣???瀵锛?寮鸿?灏?缃???? ??杩?浠朵??ㄦ???搴??瑰?娌告哺???锛???琚?汉??浜???寤 ??姹?姝﹀?璁や负姊???涓?绁?姣?浜?缃?锛???涓轰?瀛?锛???搴??╁?锛?浜????浠ゅ???绘???搴у??姹?锛?骞跺?绁哥?浠荤?????╅?浜?甯? ??

姝や??茬О??姊???浜?缃??? ??姝ょ????︿负?挎?圭????浠?寰??锛?浣??????ㄧ????璐电?辨????涓??? ??

?????渚??充负??婀???渚?/strong>

浠?浜х??????灞??板?寸??锛?婀??????????????戒?涓???????瀵????稿? ??

浠????搴?杩?娈??涓虹??锛????ゅ?涔??????浠e??涓哄????涓や釜?舵? ????浠e????锛????????藉??寮虹??锛?绉????????规?╁?锛?甯︽?ヤ????????????╂?锛?婀???寮?濮??虹?颁?涓????板?虹?瑰?瀹??ㄤ??寸??????? ????浠e????锛????????ㄥ???归??娓?娑???锛?浣?浠ュ???缃?涓轰唬琛ㄧ?????圭?瑰??????ㄥ?ㄥ?哄???存????浜ゆ????????娌块?挎?姘寸郴杩??ユ???锛?淇???浜?婀?????????????缁х画??灞? ??

?ㄧ??????锛?瀹?琛???灏??锛?璇???浜???????? ?????瑰?板?哄?虹?颁?璇稿?瑗垮?ㄧ??灏??锛??ㄨタ?ㄩ????涓??绉板??? ????璋????????锛?灏辨?????ㄧ????灏?浠???????璐垫????涓??㈡?ュぇ???????ㄣ?????ㄧ???璐电?╁??锛???缁??朵?灞???灏??借吹?? ??杩????ㄧ??濂??卞???f??绗肩????瑰?垮??????瑕???娈 ??

?ㄦ??????锛?婀???寮?濮??虹?板ぇ???锋???????ㄥ???瑰????????锛?骞跺?ㄦā浠夸腑?????ㄥ?????伴?跺?ㄧ???虹?涓?锛???浜у?轰互??瓒?寮?榧?????澶у??????涓轰唬琛ㄧ???版?瑰??????? ??

1976骞锛???瑗挎?堕?搴??戒??风???涓??惧????浠???????锛?????负??灏?????瑙ュ????? ??杩?3浠舵???ㄤ????????借?杞锛??ㄦ????宸¤????界??杩?绋?涓锛??惧?ㄨ?棣??ヨ?浜?涓?浣?绉颁负?????渚???浜虹?锛?骞跺?浠?杩?琛?浜?璧?璧? ?????????插?瀹舵??瀛﹀?よ?涓锛???璋??????渚??充负??婀???渚锛??跺??藉?ㄩ???戒???锛?寰????藉氨?ㄤ?澶╃??婀?姹?娴????? ??

?辨?锛???浠???互?ㄦ?锛??d?涓㈠け浜????虹??璇??????????ㄤ????芥??????????? ??

??婀???渚?????渤????????涓讳汉??

?d?锛???婀???渚???灏??藉?蜂??ㄥ??????

3??????婀???锛??ラ?ㄥ氨娌℃?杩?姘? ???ㄤ腑??瀹?涔$??渤??????绌烘??涓?浜锛?浣?骞朵??х?? ??杩????板?垮钩?锛?涓??㈢??北锛?涓ら??复姘锛?椋???绉?涓锛???瀹??炬? ??

????渤??????绠$??澶?宸ヤ?浜哄??寮?娓?浠?缁?锛???渤??????姝e?浜?婀????????ㄥ?哄???扮?规????涓???瀹?涔″?榛??????锛?2001骞磋??005骞锛?婀????????╄???ょ??绌舵??瀵归????杩?琛?浜?3娆¤???ゅ????锛????颁???澧???澹?娌???澶у??瀹??寤虹??????ㄥ??????瑕???瀛? ??杩?浜?楂?绛?绾ч??瀛??????拌?????渤??????涓???????????介????锛??????搴у????锛????姹?娴???瑗垮?ㄦ?舵????涓????版?归??????????涓?????锛?????璇存?????浜??ㄧ????涔?澶?????涓??版?规?瑰?界???介?????ㄥ? ??

??杩?????????ㄩ?????ㄨ???ょ??绌剁????澶х?? ????渤????????璁哄勾浠e??绌洪?翠?缃??戒?瀹?涔¢???ㄧ兢??????浜ゅ??锛?浜???涓?瀹???????甯稿??????崇郴 ??濡?????浠????渤??浣?涓衡??婀???渚???灏??芥?ョ??瑙锛??????ㄧ???ユ????灏卞?濂界??瑙d? ??????浼?璁や负锛?杩?涓鸿В寮?澶?骞磋??㈡??渚?浜?涓????ュ?? ??

?荤???ヨ?锛?婀???????????婊ヨ?浜???锛????翠??锛?瀛??蹭?涓???????姣?浣?锛????夸????瑰???诲??澹锛????板?哄??????????㈣?锛??????????????????浜х? ??

璋????????ㄩ??瑕???

璋????????锛???瑕????

??瑕?锛?涔?涓???瑕? ??

浣?涓鸿???ゅ????锛??ㄨ???や汉???锛?褰??舵????瑕???;浣?瀵规????????ヨ?锛?浼间?骞朵??????瑕? ??

?规????浼?瀵规??????ㄩ?????ㄦ?ユ??????瑙i??锛?杩?浜??????ㄦ??涓??ㄥ?????娌冲??浜????锛???涓??ㄥ?????姹?瑗夸汉????????宸?浜????锛???涓??ㄥ???????瑗夸汉????锛?杩???涓??ㄥ???????瑗夸汉???????娌冲??浜???????ㄥ??缁???婀???浜???? ??浼间?澶ч?ㄥ??涓????婀???浜???? ??

?跺?锛???璁鸿?浜??????ㄦ???浜???娌冲??浜??????瑗夸汉??????姹?瑗夸汉??锛??????芥???婀???浜???? ??瀹?浠??哄??浜?婀???锛??ㄥ?や唬灞?浜??や唬????婀???浜??锛??ㄧ?颁唬灞?浜??颁唬??婀???浜 ??

?????ㄤ?搴??????板?风????????锛?瀹?浠??胯浇??椴?娲荤?????锛???浠???璐d换?诲???板??浜?瑙e?浠 ??

??????涔?璋???渚??剁????????锛??㈠?涔?璺????惧??姝??︹?

??澶т?璁?/strong>

1919骞锛??挎?圭??ㄦ?婧??挎?瀹舵渤???哄??锛?杩????浠?涓烘??哄???圭?涓???澶с????绮剧???涓?浠锛???О???圭?涔????? ??褰??堕???㈡??涔锛?瀵艰?村?ㄨ韩娴??芥捣澶?锛??????ㄧ?????ㄥ?藉?? ??2014骞存?垮??洪?㈣喘??锛?骞跺?ヨ??婀????????╅?锛?瀹?????韬????涓??? ??

1938骞???锛???缇??瑰??ㄥ?涔¢?????榫?娉????哄?? ??涔???锛???缁?杞???锛?棰?娌?娴?绂锛?骞跺?ㄦ?????舵??琚??ュ?????稿脊??纰???20澶??? ???颁腑?芥??绔???锛?缁????╀?瀹朵慨澶?锛??芥?蜂腑?藉?藉????╅?锛???涓洪??棣?涔?瀹? ??婀???浼?澶??告?朵腑??椋??奸?搁????浣???涓锛???涓?灏?浠や汉?逛负瑙?姝㈢???颁?锛???缇??瑰????????朵腑??缈?妤? ??杩?浠跺?ㄧ?╀?琚??涓烘???缁??惰??娉??搁????宸?宄颁?浣?锛???????????浠h〃 ??

1959骞寸?锛?浜洪?㈡?归??ㄥ?涔¢???????婧????哄?? ??杩????ㄥ?藉???扮?????涓?浠朵互浜洪??负涓昏?绾归グ???归? ??瀵逛?浜洪?㈢??璇???锛?杩?浠??冲???浠ヤ???绉?璇存?锛?楗?椁锛?绁???锛??╁挨锛??﹀??????锛??╅?锛?榛?甯????锛???榛?锛?????????绁?绁?锛?绛?绛? ???拌??浜?婀????????╅? ??

1963骞锛???渤??????琚??娆″???板苟纭?? ??

1983骞???锛?璞$汗澶ч?????ㄥ?涔¢??????哄?? ????涓哄??浠i????涔??ㄤ???锛??ㄤ???????绁????瀹翠? ???ㄥ?涔$?????哄????浼?澶??????ㄤ腑锛?????浜?22浠 ??杩?浠堕??????杈?21.5???锛????浠????扮????绉﹂????涔??ㄤ腑浣?????澶х??涓?浠跺??浣?涔??锛?琚??涓????????锛?姣????????句警涔?缂???涓???澶х??涓?浠惰?瑕???20澶???? ??

2001骞锛??介?㈢汗宸ㄥ???垮?ㄥ?涔$??渤????杩???娌╂按娌宠???? ??杩??????界?????????伴???夸腑??澶х??涓?浠锛??????跨????涔?绉 ??

2005骞锛???渤???????????拌タ?ㄥ??????澧????鸿??琚??涓?004骞村害??澶ц???ゆ?板??? ??

2006骞???锛???渤??????琚??藉?¢?㈡?瑰??涓哄?ㄥ?介???规???╀??ゅ??浣? ??

2016骞???锛?瀹?涔$??渤?????????╅?寤烘??寮?? ??

??璇?璇?/strong>

??绌舵?????绉﹂?????锛?????涓???哄??娓?妤???姒?蹇靛?寰?琚?ā绯???娣锋?锛?涓?????????????璧锋??颁??????ㄩ?搁???扮???哄??浜????╂???????ㄤ娇?ㄨ??涓??????????ㄤ娇?ㄨ????????;涓???????ㄧ???垮?板?轰???璋???瑕??????????????板?虹???崇郴;???????搴???板?哄??灞?杩?绋?涓?婀???杈硅?灞卞?哄??灞?杩?绋???宸??;浜????插????缇ゆ?澶变??插??????寤剁画??褰卞???? ??

?哄??杩?浜?姒?蹇锛???浠?氨浼????锛?婀?????绉﹂?????ㄧ??涓讳汉锛?涓????哄????涓????朵唬??????????锛???????? ??灏????ゅ????????????ㄣ?????叉??????姘???涓?姘?淇?瀛︾??绌跺?搴?锛???浠????颁?婀?????绉﹀???叉?舵??涓?????缇ゅ?????姝ゆ?褰奸? ???冲?浠???浠d腑????寮?濮?锛?婀??????板??互?搁???轰互????澶ч??涓轰唬琛ㄧ??楂?姘村钩?????锛????ㄥ?版???芥?舵??婀????????ㄧ??涓讳汉锛??㈡??涓???????浜恒???ㄤ汉??妤?浜锛?涔??????板???ㄨ竟?板?虹?????逛汉????浜恒?????浜恒??婵?汉绛?绛? ??杩?绉?澶??????????镐?纰版??锛???灏变?婀????????ㄧ??绮惧僵锛??朵腑??涓?浜???????瀛?锛??ㄤ?澶╃??婀???杩???互?惧?颁?浜???杩 ??

????婀????????╁????╅?澶?澶??裤????绌跺?? ??寤哄??

瀛︽????涓????婀???婀?姹?娴????哄????澶ч?????ㄩ???锛?绉颁负??瀹?涔¢???ㄧ兢??锛?????涓哄?涔′?浠???????哄?????ㄩ???ㄦ?伴????澶???绉?绫绘??榻??ㄣ????甯?????涓????板?锛???涓?瀹?涔″?哄???????ㄩ???ㄩ??艰????锛??锋??涓?瀹???浠h〃? ?????瀹??ㄧ?璁锛??扮????涓烘?锛?婀???婀?姹?娴????哄???????宠タ?ㄦ?舵??????00浣?浠锛??朵腑杩?300浠跺?哄??浜?瀹?涔″???锛??﹀??句?浠朵?涓昏?瑙?浜?瀹?涔¢??杩????挎???婀?娼?????床?????炽??宀抽?崇?婀?姹?涓?娓稿?板? ??

??渤?????ゅ?????涓?浠??ㄦ?ュ父??娲锛???涓??ㄧぜ?朵?淇??归?锛??????颁?浠ヤ腑???板?哄???ㄦ????涓轰唬琛ㄧ??澶??ユ??????杈?澶у奖?? ??浣?????翠??????㈣???锛???缁?瀵逛?灞?浜??????????ㄦ??????? ????姝锛?浠ョ??渤??涓轰唬琛ㄧ?????ゅ?????锛?搴?璇ユ??????版?归???????? ??

??渤????????タ?ㄦ?舵???ゅ????棣?娆″?ㄦ??????锛??ㄦ?翠釜???瑰?板?轰?涓?澶?瑙?锛?瀵圭??绌舵????版?瑰?层???版?归???????????╂???藉?绀句???褰㈡??绛??锋????澶ф??涔? ???惧?颁?澶???瀛︽?????虫敞????瀹?涔¢???ㄧ兢????灞??????ゅ?????锛?涓烘?姹?娴???涔??虫?翠釜???瑰?板?哄???ㄩ????????????绌舵??渚?浜???瑕?绱??? ??

????婀???澶у?宀抽?涔﹂?㈣???ょ郴涓讳换??????锛???渤??????????涓绘??浜 ??妗???

婀????????ㄥ?哄???扮?瑰?ㄤ????舵??锛?骞朵??藉?浜???涓??????哄??锛???????????杈?涓哄??????哄????????? ??渚?濡?瀹?涔′?甯﹀ぇ?????????锛???绀哄??颁?涓?????????涓????瀛??锛?浣??朵?涓????????剧?惰?????瀵??????宠??锛?涓?浜??ㄤ?澶╂????哄?????????锛??舵????????浜ц?????寸?垫???伴?挎?娴???涓?娓歌?充?娓稿?板?锛???浜?涓?瀹?涔′?甯︾???????ㄥ苟???存?ョ???????宠?? ??

?变??挎?涓?父?板?哄?浜?????瑗垮?ㄦ????澶??锛?涓????????垮????涓?娆℃???涓?娣卞?诲奖????杩?涓??板?虹????????灞? ????姝锛?浜???宀???????????????娈峰?涓?????????????娈峰?????????浠ュ??瑗垮?ㄦ?╂??杩???涓?????舵????????ㄧ?瑰?锛?浣??板?轰腑??????涓?娆℃?瀵瑰?ㄨ竟?板?哄奖????杩?绋?锛?姣?涓??舵?褰卞?????煎?涓???锛??????ㄧ????浜ц????氨????涓???锛?????娲?搴???板?虹???????锛??ㄤ??????舵?灏变??板?轰??????????????瑰? ??

????姝︽?澶у????插??㈡????????澹???瀵煎? 寮???骞?/strong>